How To Test Water Quality At Home?

Are you looking for ways to test water quality at home? If yes, then this blog is for you.

Water is a fundamental necessity for our life, and it is of utmost importance that we always have access to clean water in our homes. For this reason, it is always advisable to check the quality of water at your home. 

Water does not essentially have to be of different colors or odors to be polluted. There are harmful contaminants that could spoil the purity of your water without being visible to the human eye. 

Water quality could be affected by various factors like the source from where they are supplied, the TDS concentration of the water, and the contaminants present in them.

TDS – Total Dissolved Solids

TDS or Total Dissolved Solids concentration can be defined as the amount of dissolved inorganic solids and organic constituents in the water, including calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium cations, carbonate, hydrogen carbonate, chloride, sulfate, and nitrate ions.

Total dissolved solids affect water quality and can contaminate water to different degrees based on their concentration level. It is always necessary to test water quality.

How To Test Water Quality At Home? 1

Total dissolved solids impact not only the quality of water but also the taste and smell. High concentrations of TDS can make the water salty, bitter, or brackish. It could also affect the odor and color of the water. Having an eye at the TDS will help to test water quality more efficiently.

Ways to Test Water Quality

Water quality and water testing are the most important things that an owner or tenant would and should look for when moving to a new house. The quality of water in the surrounding area of your residence is something that you should be aware of. 

Water quality is defined as the measure of water sustainability for a specified use based on physical, chemical, and biological characteristics. Water quality standards are legal criteria that specify preset parameters such as temperature, the concentration of dissolved solids, etc.

Each country has its water quality standards enforced with criteria that specify the quality of water accepted in that country. Likewise, India has its standards for water quality.

In India, the Bureau of Indian Standards(BIS) regulates the water quality standards under the specifications for portable drinking water. This standard was first published in 1983, and the revised version was published (IS-10500:2012) later. 

Through these standards, BIS aimed to assess water resources’ quality and check the effectiveness of water treatment and supply by concerned authorities.

Water testing is done to test the water quality, TDS level, and general water health. When you try water quality at your home, you can identify if it is suitable for consumption and how it can be improved depending on its quality.

There are different kits available for testing various aspects of water quality. These water testing kits can detect if the water meets the acceptable standards set by the Bureau of Indian Standards(BIS) and is safe for drinking.

Pathogen testing kits: These water testing kits help you determine the number of microbes and the microbiological activity in the water.

Comparison test kits: These kits are commonly used to test different chemical properties of water and can be used for home and industrial purposes. 

Corrosion testing: Corrosion tests can detect multiple aspects of alkalinity, temperature, calcium hardness, and many other dissolved solids. These tests are used to indicate the level of corrosion that your water could cause when it comes in contact with different metals like stainless steel etc.

Apart from these testing kits, there are also other ways to assess the water quality at your home. If you want to obtain a complete analysis of your water, it is best left to the experts. You can get your water quality tested at the nearest water laboratory and get precise results with complete information.

Now, you can understand the importance of water testing. If you are planning to buy a water purifier here are our recommendations:

Checking TDS level at home

Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has set the accepted limit for TDS in drinking water at 500 mg/L. In extreme cases with no alternatives, the limit can be extended to 2000 mg/L. But the BIS mentions that a TDS above 500 mg/L can lead to differences in taste and cause gastrointestinal infections.

To make sure the TDS level of the drinking water at your house is nominal, it is advisable to test water quality at home. TDS concentration of water can be easily determined at home with simple store-bought kits. They cost very little and are readily available as well. These kits easily identify the TDS level in the water.

TDS measuring meters can be used to determine the concentration of dissolved solids in the water in your home in a few simple steps. Immerse the meters in the water and wait for a few seconds till the readings stabilize. Within a few minutes, you will be able to see the accurate measurement of TDS in your home water.

Based on this level, you can test water quality and think of multiple things like the kind of cleaner you may need to buy, different sources of water you can rely on, and so on.